Alternative Funding for Your Small Business
“When looking for funding, don’t just look for cash. Look for the right people” (American fashion entrepreneur, Jodie Fox)According to South African Reserve Bank data, the low level of small business financing appears to be emanating from the demand side as “the vast majority of SMEs indicate that they do not borrow from financial institutions, particularly banks”. Statistics SA’s Annual Financial Statistics (AFS) recorded that “Industries in the South African formal business sector, and included in the AFS survey, generated R10,5 trillion in total turnover in the 2019 financial year. … A breakdown of turnover by business size shows that small businesses were responsible for generating R2,3 trillion (or 22%) of the R10,5 trillion.” There are however alternative funding options for small businesses in general, rather than the conventional method of going to the banks.
Agency funding optionsThese are available to small businesses with the objective of meeting certain quotas, including gender, race, regional and industrial transformation. Examples of agency funding programmes include:
- National Empowerment Fund (NEF) services business loans from R250 000 to R75 million across a variety of industry sectors.
- Small Enterprise Finance Agency (SEFA) has a programme called the Township and Rural Entrepreneurship Programme (TREP), among others, where it finances SMMEs in townships, rural areas and farms with R350 000. R300 000 is for equipment and R50 000 working capital in a form of a grant.
- Department of Trade and Industry’s (DTI) mandate is economic enlargement and Black Economic Empowerment.
- Isivande Women’s Fund is a BEE and gender equality programme that provides funding from R30 000 to R2 million.
- The Small Enterprise Development Agency (SEDA)
Bootstrapping financeBootstrapping, also known as financial bootstrapping, describes a position in which an entrepreneur starts a company with little capital, relying on own funds rather than outside investments to build the business. Bootstrap financing techniques are often favoured by smaller businesses.
Crowd fundingVarious crowd funding platforms are available online in South Africa, with the general touch points being a funding goal project description, audio visual presentation, rewards structures for backers, “jump starters” profiles and project deadlines. The size of the crowdfunding market in South Africa is yet to be determined, even though regulators are said to still be trying to get a full understanding of the increasingly popular trend. Although crowd funding is not specifically regulated in South Africa, certain activities may fall under various financial services regulatory provisions and legislation. Crowd funding is also popular with crypto-assets managers, deriving from their common nature of surviving in a digital habitat. Crowd funding classes are:
- Debt-based crowd funding, which is basically a loan where the investors provide funding to the recipient, which is then repaid over time with interest.
- Equity-based crowd funding, whereby the investors provide funding to a start-up company by subscribing for shares and these funders sign-up to only to receive dividends when the project becomes profitable.
- Rewards-based crowd funding has characteristics of bartering as investors generally make an “investment” into a business with an undertaking that allows for them to receive goods or services in return for the funding once the business has been launched successfully.